Middle East 1000 BCE

Invasions have devastated the old centers of civilization, but important new developments, such as the use of iron, the appearance of the alphabet and the rise of Israel, with its monotheistic religion, have taken place.

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What is happening in Middle East in 1000BCE


Over the past 500 years, great changes have wracked the Middle East. The old powers of the region – Egypt, the Hittites, Assyria and Babylon – have all been devastated by invaders from outside their borders: the “Sea Peoples” from Europe, the Aramaeans from the Syrian desert and the Kuldu (Chaldeans) and other groups from the southern desert.

The eclipse of these states has allowed new peoples, particularly the Phoenicians and Israelites, to come to the fore. Their achievements will have an enduring impact on world history.


Several major advances in civilization have taken place in region in recent centuries. Firstly, iron has come into widespread use, probably starting somewhere in Asia Minor. Secondly, the alphabet has been developed, again probably in Asia Minor but soon to be spread by Phoenician merchants around the Mediterranean and Middle East. A third occurrence of world significance is the appearance of the monotheism, carried into history by the Israelite tribes. Finally, the camel has been domesticated recently. This tough animal is helping new trade routes across the Arabian desert to come into use.

Next map: Middle East 500 BCE


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The Ancient Middle East

The History of Ancient Mesopotamia

The History of Ancient Egypt

Ancient Palestine

Ancient Assyria

Ancient Babylon

The Phoenicians

The History of Ancient Turkey

The History of Ancient Syria

The History of Elam

The History of Arabia

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A Panoramic Overview of Early Civilizations 

Age of Empire: The Middle East c.1000 BCE to 500 BCE

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