Iran 1960 CE

Iran has become an enormously wealthy country.

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What is happening in Iran in 1960CE

At the outbreak of World War 1, Iran soon became the scene of fighting between the Russians and British against Turks and Germans. The end of the war saw Britain as the sole European power in Iran. In 1921 an army officer, Reza Khan, staged a coup. He established a dictatorship, and had himself enthroned as Shah in 1925. Under his rule Persia rapidly modernized in all fields – education and the judiciary were secularised, rights for women were introduced; and to emphasise the modernity of the country, its name was changed to Iran in 1935. In the later 1930’s Reza Khan leaned increasingly towards Nazi Germany, to counter the dominant influence of the British and the USSR; during World War 2, therefore, Iran was occupied by British and Soviet forces to ensure safe passage of US aid to the USSR. Reza Khan was forced to abdicate in favour of his young son, Mohammed Reza, in 1941.

In 1951 the prime minister, Mohammed Mosaddeq, nationalised all foreign (mainly British) interests in the oil industry. The British then imposed an economic blockade which caused serious economic dislocation. Mossadeq and the Shah became increasingly estranged, and this situation came to a head when the Shah fled the country. Mossadeq was then ousted by a CIA coup, and the Shah returned. A new agreement over oil was signed in 1954, after which oil production expanded dramatically. The Shah moved to establish his personal control over Iranian politics, and he adopted a pro-western foreign policy. Internally he imposed a police state on the country, using modern methods with CIA aid.

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