India and South Asia 2500 BCE

One of the earliest civilizations in world history has emerged in ancient India, the Indus Valley civilization.

Read on

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

4300BCE 3900BCE 3500BCE 3100BCE 2700BCE 2300BCE 1900BCE 1500BCE 1100BCE 700BCE 300BCE 100CE 500CE 900CE 1300CE 1700CE 2021CE

What is happening in India and South Asia in 2500BCE

The Indus Valley civilization

Over the past thousand years, towns and cities have appeared in the floodplain of the Indus river valley, covering a vast area of northern India. Some of these cities are amongst the largest in the world at this time. The history of this ancient civilization is very obscure, but it shows signs of having spread from a single center, perhaps near the delta of the river Indus, across much of modern-day Pakistan and north-western India. The towns and cities show a high degree of uniformity of layout and design. The cities contain what are thought to have been granaries, public baths – perhaps for ritual purposes – and the earliest known sewage and drainage systems. In several of the cities the streets are laid out along a grid pattern – apparently the first case of town planning in history. There is an active trade with Mesopotamia. There is also evidence of a written script, but this has as yet not been deciphered by modern scholars.

The rest of India

In the rest of India, simpler, more ancient modes of life prevail, a patchwork of farming villages, hunter-gatherer bands and semi-nomadic pastoralists.

Next map, India and South Asia in 1500 BCE

Dig Deeper

The history and civilization of ancient India

Hunter-gatherers

Early Pastoralists

The coming of farming

The Indus Valley civilization

Premium Units

World Trade in 2500 BCE

Early Civilizations in 2500 BCE

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads


Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads