Brazil 1453 CE
Amazonia is home to powerful states and complex societies.
What is happening in Brazil in 1453CE
The towns, cities and states of Amazonia and its border regions are home to complex societies. They have developed sophisticated technologies and elaborate built environments, characterized by complexes of earthen mounds and enclosures. The most spectacular examples of Amazonian civilization are located in the central floodplains of the Amazon and its main tributaries, but major states can also be found on the southern fringes of the Amazon basin, in what are now south-western Brazil and Bolivia. Here, powerful, multi-ethnic chiefdoms, originally founded by Arawak-speaking groups, have over time nurtured hybrid regional cultures. Massive and extensive earthworks, plazas, roads, and moats are integrated into a grid-like pattern across the landscape, testifying to well-organized, hierarchically-based state systems.