Middle East 200 CE

One small part of the region, Judaea, has given birth to the new religion of Christianity, but has also seen the dispersal of the Jewish people from their homeland.

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What is happening in Middle East in 200CE

Two empires

For the past two hundred years the Middle East continues to be divided between the Roman Empire and the Parthian Empire, with Asia Minor, Syria and Judaea, and Egypt under the firm rule of Rome, and Mesopotamia and Iran under the Parthians. The kingdom of Armenia acts as a buffer between the two, regularly fought over. The Roman empire normally has the better of the fighting, and has launched two major invasions which have penetrated deep into the heartland of the Parthian empire.

Iranian culture revival

At this date Greek, or Hellenistic (“Greek-like”) culture still predominates, at least in the cities across the region. In the Parthian part, however, there is starting to develop an Iranian revival in art and architecture, and probably also in literature and religion, with a revived Zoroastrianism. This is sponsored by the powerful Iranian nobility, which is increasingly hostile to the Roman power to the west.

Significant events in Judaea

One small part of the Middle East, Judaea, has seen the birth of one of the major religions of world history, Christianity. Later, however, two great Jewish rebellions against the Romans there (66-73 and 132-135) were crushed, and the Jewish people have been dispersed from their ancient homeland.

Next map: Middle East 500 CE


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The Ancient Middle East

The Roman Empire

The Parthian Empire

Ancient Palestine

The History of Ancient Turkey

The History of Ancient Syria

The History of Arabia

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The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

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