India and South Asia 200 BCE

The history of ancient India has seen the great Mauryan empire cover much of the subcontinent.

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What is happening in India and South Asia in 200BCE

The Mauryan empire

The past centuries have seen the first attempt in history at the conquest of India by a western power, when Alexander the Great briefly led his army into the Indus Valley, in 327 BCE. This episode was quickly followed by the rise of the first great empire in ancient India, that of the Maurya. At its height, this empire covered most of the sub-continent, together with neighboring regions in central Asia. Its most notable ruler was the devout Buddhist king, Ashoka (also spelt Asoka – reigned 268-241 BCE), one of the most remarkable figures in world history. He sought to apply his faith to ruling his vast territories.

Since Ashoka’s death, the Mauryan empire has gone into decline, and will shortly fragment into many independent states. By that time, however, Aryan civilization will have become firmly established in central India, and soon the first large regional state will appear there. To the north-west, the presence of the Greek-ruled kingdom of Bactria is a conduit for western influences upon Indian civilization, and vice versa.

Next map, India and South Asia in 30 BCE

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The history and civilization of ancient India

The Mauryan Empire

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 Classical India in 232  BCE

World Trade in 200 BCE

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