India and South Asia 1000 BCE
In this dark age of ancient Indian history the Aryan people are laying the foundations of future Indian civilization.
What is happening in India and South Asia in 1000BCE
The Caste System
The past centuries the Indo-European peoples (Aryans) have spread across northern India and have begun to live in settled villages and tribal states. These are ruled over by the leaders of prominent Aryan clans, now emerging as kings. It is probably around this time in ancient India’s history that the four earliest castes appear in Aryan society: Brahmins (priests), Ksatriyas (warriors and rulers), Vaisya (the broad mass of tribesmen – farmers, craftsmen and merchants), and the descendants of conquered peoples relegated to a subservient role in society as Sudras (servants and laborers). This simple four-tiered caste system will become ever more elaborate as the history of India progresses.
The Vedic Age
At this time also, a rich religious oral tradition is being developed, revolving around the doings of the Aryan’s pantheon of gods and goddesses. This will later form the Vedas, the most ancient scriptures of the Hindu world and one of the most important foundations for Indian civilization. This period of history is therefore known as the Vedic Age of ancient India.