Middle East 30 BCE

The Middle East is now divided between the Roman and Parthian empires.

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What is happening in Middle East in 30BCE

Over the past two centuries the Middle East has been divided between two major powers, the Roman Empire to the west, which now controls Asia Minor, Syria and Judaea, and Egypt; and Parthia to the east, which rules Mesopotamia and Iran. This political division will characterize the history of the region for several centuries.

The social and cultural division is not so sharp, however. Greek civilization has left its mark on Mesopotamia and other parts of the Middle Eastern world, as a powerful ingredient in a mix containing more ancient cultures. Greek-style (or “Hellenistic“) cities thrive under both the Romans and the Parthians, and in both empires art and architecture continue to be deeply effected by Greek influences. The Greek language remains the lingua franca throughout the region.

Next map: Middle East 200 CE

 

Dig Deeper:

The Ancient Middle East

The Parthian Empire

The Rise of the Roman Empire

The Seleucid kingdom

Ptolemaic Egypt

Ancient Palestine

The History of Ancient Turkey

The History of Ancient Syria

The History of Arabia

The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire (Premium unit)

At around this time, paper is first invented in China. It will make communication much easier than before.

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