South East Asia 1453 CE

Muslim merchants have established a network of small sultanates in the region.

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What is happening in South East Asia in 1453CE

Mongol attacks

The Mongol empire launched powerful attacks into Vietnam, Burma, Java; despite inflicting much destruction, however, they failed to hold much territory.

Thai dominance

For some centuries now, Thai tribes have been moving into northern South East Asia, from their homeland in southern China. These incomers have been a large cause of the steep decline of the Khmer empire, and the Thai kingdom of Siam is now the dominant state in that area. With these political changes has come a rise in the influence of Buddhism.

Muslim sultanates

To the south, in a development of the utmost importance for future history, Muslim merchants from Arabia and India have established a network of small sultanates along the coasts and in the islands of the region.

Next map, South East Asia in 1648

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