Iran 1914 CE

Iran is effectively now under Russian rule.

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What is happening in Iran in 1914CE

The last decades of the 19th century saw a further growth in European – especially British – influence; this trend has been strengthened by the discovery of oil in 1901.

This influence has brought economic expansion, but it has also brought increasing criticism. The local merchant community were concerned with the privileged commercial position held by foreigners, which threatened their own livelihoods; and their traditional allies, the Shi’ite clergy, were anxious about the challenges westernisation posed to an Islamic society and culture. With the grass roots support the clergy could count on, and the mass protests they could summon up, no government could ignore this opposition for long, especially when the currents of global trade brought inflation and economic hardship for some segments of society in their wake, as they did in the 1870’s and 80’s. In 1906, therefore, the government set up a constituent assembly, the Majlis; this was suppressed in 1908, because of the criticisms it voiced of the government, but was restored again the year after. When, however, the assembly passed laws which infringed Russian and British commercial privileges, however, Russian troops intervened. For the past few years Russia has effectively ruled Persia.

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