Middle East 3500 BCE

The first civilizations in world history, those of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt, are emerging.

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What is happening in Middle East in 3500BCE

The first civilizations

Farming has been established for thousands of years in the Middle East, and in the river valleys of ancient Mesopotamia the first true civilization in world history is appearing, that of the Sumerians.

The Sumerians live in large communities of many thousands of people – the earliest cities. Along with many other advances they are developing the techniques of writing, on which most future human progress will depend.

A second civilization is also beginning to emerge in the Middle East, that of Ancient Egypt, in the Nile Valley.

Next map: Middle East 2500 BCE

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The Ancient Middle East

The History of Ancient Mesopotamia

The History of Ancient Egypt

The History of Ancient Turkey

The History of Ancient Syria

The History of Elam

Premium Units

A Panoramic Overview of Early Civilizations

Changing Fortunes: Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt

 

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