India and South Asia 1500 BCE

The history of ancient India is experiencing a dark age after the fall of the great Indus Valley civilization.

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What is happening in India and South Asia in 1500BCE

The end of the Indus Valley civilization

The past thousand years have seen the Indus Valley civilization flourish, until about 1800 BCE. It then began to decline. The history of ancient India during these centuries is obscure, but this decline has been linked by modern scholars to environmental factors, such as change in climate patterns or an overuse of land and water resources; migration by Indo-European tribes from central Asia may also have been another factor. In any event, by about 1700 BCE the large cities of the Indus valley had disappeared altogether.

The Aryans

At about the same time, newcomers to India made their appearance, Indo-European speaking, semi-nomadic pastoralists from central Asia. They have brought with them the domestic horse and two-wheeled chariots, and have begun spreading out over the great plains of northern India. These “Aryans” are already starting to compose an oral poetry consisting of hymns, spells, rituals, dialogues and proverbs, which in later times will form the Vedas, the ancient foundation literature of Hindu civilization. These reflect a world under the rule of warrior aristocrats.

Next map, India and South Asia in 1000 BCE

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The history and civilization of ancient India

The Vedic age of Ancient India (1500-500 BCE)

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