Britain 30 BCE

The peoples of the British Isles have made their first appearance in written history with Julius Caesars' invasions of 55 and 54 BCE.

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What is happening in Britain in 30BCE

The past few centuries have seen the rise of powerful Celtic chieftains, indicated in the archaeological record by the appearance of large hill forts. British culture, reflected in the decorated helmets, shields and jewellery of the time, has been closely related to the Celtic La Tene culture of the continent.

The peoples of the British Isles are now being drawn more closely into the light of history. In 55 and 54 BCE, the Roman general Julius Caesar arrived with a sizeable Roman army – the first event in British history recorded by contemporary writers (in this case, Caesar himself).

The Roman army did not stay long, but other immigrants did. In the past century migrants from north eastern Gaul have settled in the south east corner of the British Isles. This migration has probably been in response to pressure, first from German tribes from beyond the Rhine, and then, Roman armies under this same general, Caesar. They have brought with them a higher level of material culture, with heavier ploughs, the potter’s wheel, and more advanced social and political organization, and these advantages have enabled them to establish large tribal kingdoms in the area.

Next map, Britain 200 CE

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