Middle East 1500 BCE

The powerful Bronze Age empires of Egypt, the Mitanni, the Hittites and Babylonia dominate the Middle East.

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What is happening in Middle East in 1500BCE

The past thousand years have seen the rise of fall of the first true empire in world history. This was the achievement of king Sargon of Akkad, in Mesopotamia, in the late 3rd millennium BCE.

The Indo-Europeans

Since then the Middle East has seen many upheavals, particularly in Mesopotamia and surrounding regions. Indo-European speaking tribes have moved in from the northern fringes of the old civilizations  and brought with them a new military technology, the chariot. Equipped with this battle-winning technology, they have subjugated local populations to create new states: the Hittite, Mitanni and Babylonian empires. These, together with the New Kingdom of Egypt, form the leading powers of the region.

These states are home to highly sophisticated – and already ancient – civilizations, with a complex commercial life, bureaucracies, and well-organized armies built around chariot formations. The struggles between them dominate the history of the Middle Eastern world in this period.

Next map: Middle East 1000 BCE

 

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The Ancient Middle East

The History of Ancient Mesopotamia

The History of Ancient Egypt

The History of Ancient Turkey

The History of Ancient Syria

The History of Elam

Premium Units

A Panoramic Overview of Early Civilizations

Changing Fortunes: Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt

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