East Asia: China, Korea, Japan 200 BCE

China has experienced a turbulent period of its ancient history, but has now become united under the Han dynasty.

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What is happening in East Asia: China, Korea, Japan in 200BCE

Civilization has continued to make remarkable advances within the Chinese world in recent centuries.

Chinese unification

A centuries-long phase of continuous warfare between large, well-organized states, known to Chinese history as the “Warring States” period, led to the emergence of one super-state covering the whole of ancient China. This took place in the reign of Qin Shi Huang, the “First Emperor” of China.

This proved to be a false dawn. The brutal policies of the First Emperor’s regime soon brought about its downfall, and a brief period of chaos has been ended with the establishment of the Han dynasty in power.

These developments within China have been matched by the union of nomadic tribes on the eastern steppes of central Asia under Xiongnu leadership. This is the first of a series of warlike nomadic confederacies that will have a profound impact on east Asian history.

Korea and Japan

The use of iron has spread to both Korea and Japan by this date. In Korea, powerful chiefdoms centered on small walled towns have appeared, while in Japan, the rice-growing culture brought from Korea in about 500 BCE – which in Japan is called the Yayoi culture – is gradually spreading north and east.

Next map, East Asia in 30 BCE

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Ancient Chinese civilization

The Qin dynasty

The Han dynasty

Korean civilization (brief article)

Japanese civilization

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China in the Classical Age

 

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