Middle East 1789 CE

The Middle East experiences political weakness in both the Ottoman empire and Iran.

Read on

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

4300BCE 3900BCE 3500BCE 3100BCE 2700BCE 2300BCE 1900BCE 1500BCE 1100BCE 700BCE 300BCE 100CE 500CE 900CE 1300CE 1700CE 2021CE

What is happening in Middle East in 1789CE

Over the past century, the Ottoman garrisons in Syria, Egypt and Iraq, which theoretically answer to the sultans in Constantinople, have come to dominate their respective provinces and now govern them as virtually independent states. The Ottoman empire’s hold on the region is more apparent than real outside Asia Minor.

Luckily for the Ottomans, Iran has experienced even greater weakness. The Safavid dynasty has fallen from power, and successor regimes have become increasingly unstable. Through all this, the leadership of the Shi’ite branch of Islam has been strengthening its hold on the country.

In Arabia, today’s Gulf emirates are being established, and the first Saudi kingdom has appeared.

By this date, Western interests – represented by groups of merchants in Mediterranean and Gulf ports – are being felt in the region. These will only get stronger. As for the region as a whole, the late 17th and 18th centuries seem to be a time of economic stagnation. This may have been partly caused by the diversion of some of the Middle East’s historic trade with the east away from the region. A growing amount of cargo is now travelling to Europe round the tip of Africa in the holds of European ships.

Next map: Middle East 1837

 

Dig Deeper:

The Ottoman Empire

 

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads


Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads