Iran 500 BCE

Iran, the centre of the great Persian empire.

Read on

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

4300BCE 3900BCE 3500BCE 3100BCE 2700BCE 2300BCE 1900BCE 1500BCE 1100BCE 700BCE 300BCE 100CE 500CE 900CE 1300CE 1700CE 2021CE

What is happening in Iran in 500BCE

During the past few centuries Indo-European groups have continued to spread over Iran. A tribe called the Medes won a predominate position amongst them, and in the 7th century played an important part in the defeat of the great Assyrian empire and then built a vast empire stretching into Asia Minor. In the meantime, another group, the Persians, headed south and eventually moved into the south-western corner of the region. The kings of the Persians became the vassals of the king of the Medes until Cyrus II (ruled c. 560-530) threw off his allegiance and very swiftly took over the entire Median empire. Cyrus then went on to extend the Persian empire, conquering the Babylonian empire and pushing out his borders north into central Asia and east into India. Iran is now the centre of the greatest empire the world has yet seen.

While Iran has been taking centre stage internationally, at home it has been experiencing an urban revolution, with many new cities springing up around the country. This has been partly due to the new wealth flowing into the country as a result of the conquests; but it is also due to the rise, further east, of the Aryan civilization of India. Iran is no longer at the margins of the civilized world, but at its centre, with tribute flowing into it from distant regions and commerce running through it and connecting east with west. This fact is emphasised by the rise of a new monotheistic religion, Zoroastrianism, which it is difficult to see happening without external influences from either east or west.

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads


Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads