Iran 979 CE

Iran is falling away from control by the caliph in Baghdad.

Read on

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

4300BCE 3900BCE 3500BCE 3100BCE 2700BCE 2300BCE 1900BCE 1500BCE 1100BCE 700BCE 300BCE 100CE 500CE 900CE 1300CE 1700CE 2021CE

What is happening in Iran in 979CE

With the replacement of the Umayyad caliphs, based in Syria, by the ‘Abbasids; and with the building of a glorious new capital at Baghdad in Iraq, power in the Caliphate shifted decisively eastward.

In the early 9th century, however, the eastern provinces of the Caliphate drifted out of Baghdad’s control. Powerful hereditary governors, the Tahirids, ruled eastern Iran as virtually independent princes from 821, and then in 873 a rebel commander seized a large part of Iran and established the Safarid state. At about the same time, an emir established Saminid rule in Transoxania. In 898 the Saminids conquered the Safarids, so controlling a huge area of Iran and Transoxania in virtual independence.

The Saminid capital, Bukhara, now rivals Baghdad as a centre of Islamic culture, and attracts leading scholars. In particular, this period sees the merging of Arabic and Persian art and literature into a brilliant new cultural mix expressed in the New Persian tongue as well as in Arabic.

In the 930’s, a group in north-western Iran called the Buyids expanded outwards and formed a large empire (though still formally acknowledging the caliph as their overlord). Like the Saminids, the Buyids have turned their capital, Shiraz, into one of the great centres of Islamic culture.

 

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads


Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads