Egypt 30 BCE

Egyptian independence has come to an end with the death of its famous queen, Cleopatra.

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What is happening in Egypt in 30BCE

Like all the other Hellenistic kingdoms, Egypt has now been incorporated as a province into the Roman empire.

The last independent ruler of Ancient Egypt was also her most celebrated – Queen Cleopatra. She ended her life committing suicide after her defeat at the battle of Actium (31 BCE).

The victorious Roman ruler Octavian (since 27 BCE called Caesar Augustus) has kept the Hellenistic administration of the Ptolemies in place, highly effective as it is in extracting as much wealth as possible from the land and its people. The country now provides the distant imperial capital, Rome, with a large proportion of its grain.

Next map, Ancient Egypt in 200 CE

 

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