Africa 2500 BCE

In the Nile Valley, Ancient Egypt, one of the great civilizations of the ancient world, is now flourishing.

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What is happening in Africa in 2500BCE

North Africa

Northern Africa has continued to get dryer, and the Sahara desert has reached roughly its present size. Farming communities now fringe its northern flank, and in the valley of the Nile, a great civilization has emerged, that of Ancient Egypt. To its south farming has also spread to Nubia, reaching the southern limits for agriculture based on wheat and barley.

Sub-Saharan Africa

In Sub-Saharan Africa, the cattle-herding/ populations are now ranged over a vast swathe of territory, stretching from modern-day Sudan into West Africa. On the rest of the continent live hunter-gatherer peoples and fishermen, mostly related to today’s Pygmies or San Bushmen.

Next map, Africa 1500 BCE

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Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Early Pastoralists

Early Hunter-Gatherers

Early Farming

History of Kush

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Early Civilizations 3000 BCE

Early Civilizations 2500 BCE

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