Central Africa 1215 CE

The trade routes radiating out from the coastal cities of east Africa have continued to thrive and spread. Inland, the past centuries have seen farming and fishing, and mining and craft, techniques improving all over ...

Read on

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

4300BCE 3900BCE 3500BCE 3100BCE 2700BCE 2300BCE 1900BCE 1500BCE 1100BCE 700BCE 300BCE 100CE 500CE 900CE 1300CE 1700CE 2021CE

What is happening in Central Africa in 1215CE

The trade routes radiating out from the coastal cities of east Africa have continued to thrive and spread. Inland, the past centuries have seen farming and fishing, and mining and craft, techniques improving all over central Africa. Communities were specializing more, in such activities as mining, metalwork and hunting, a development closely linked to the expansion of trade. Late Iron Age populations grew, and the remnants of hunter-gatherer peoples were squeezed more and more into deep forests (pygmies) or dry deserts (San). In the Lakes region, small chiefdoms have been emerging. In grassland areas, cattle herding has become ever more important, particularly in the south; this too has favoured the formation of chiefdoms. The Leopard’s Kopje culture is the product of warlike and chiefly pastoralists, with strong trade links with the Swahili cities of the Indian Ocean coast. Its final flourish comes, at about this date, with the transition to the Great Zimbabwe culture, with its large, stone-built settlements anchoring a sophisticated, hierarchical society.

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads


Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads