Central Africa 1453 CE

This period has seen kingdoms appearing in different parts of central Africa. Some of these are linked to the continued expansion of the trade routes from the Indian Ocean. Most notably, the inhabitants of Great ...

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What is happening in Central Africa in 1453CE

This period has seen kingdoms appearing in different parts of central Africa. Some of these are linked to the continued expansion of the trade routes from the Indian Ocean. Most notably, the inhabitants of Great Zimbabwe have benefited greatly from their control of the gold trade down the Zambezi Valley to the coast. After flourishing for several centuries, however, Great Zimbabwe is abandoned at around this time. New centres of trade and power are coming to the fore, centred on the town of Ingome Ilede and the Mutapa kingdom.

The Luba people of the Congo forest fringes have organized an important kingdom (c. 1400), and other kingdoms have emerged elsewhere – Kongo, the Ngondi states, Kitari and the small Ganda kingdoms.

At this time, the pastoral Masai people are beginning to migrate southwards from their homeland in present-day northern Kenya, and on the Atlantic coast, the Herero have adopted the cattle-keeping economy and are moving into the dry grasslands of Namibia.

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