South America 30 BCE

The Moche and Nazca civilizations are now flourishing.

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What is happening in South America in 30BCE

Peru

Over the past centuries, localized cultures have continued to flourish in various valleys of the high Andes and the desert coasts of Peru.  One culture, the Nazca, is today particularly famous for vast figures traced in the desert, depicting animals and geometric shapes, whose purpose is unknown. Another, the Moche, saw the first true cities, and striking art work.

Arawak lands

The Arawak-speaking peoples are now spread across a vast portion of northern South America. However, their widely-dispersed fortified settlements and warlike chiefdoms exist side-by-side with many smaller groups of mobile hunter-gatherers, who often raid the crops of the settled farmers.

Next map, South America in 200 CE

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Pre-Columbian civilizations of America

Hunter-gatherers

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