West Africa 979 CE

The trans-Saharan trade has continued to expand. Through them, Islam has been brought to West Africa, and is spreading amongst the merchant and ruling classes. The expansion of trade has led to several new kingdoms ...

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What is happening in West Africa in 979CE

The trans-Saharan trade has continued to expand. Through them, Islam has been brought to West Africa, and is spreading amongst the merchant and ruling classes.

The expansion of trade has led to several new kingdoms being established in the western savannah, including Songhai and Mali. A major new kingdom has also appeared in the central savannah lands, Kanem, on Lake Chad. This is at the southern end of an eastern trans-Saharan trade route which has recently been opened up. The Hausa trading city-states of present-day northern Nigeria are beginning to emerge, and traders based in the savannah are now penetrating the southern forests.

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