South America 1453 CE

The Inca empire has begun its expansion.

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What is happening in South America in 1453CE

The Andes region

The past centuries have seen the Chimú empire continue to dominate the northern areas of the Andes civilization. However, a new power is on the rise, that of the Inca. The Inca tribe settled a valley in the High Andes of Peru in around 1200, where they founded their capital, Cuzco. It was not until 1438 that they became a strongly centralized state, but they have now begun their great series of conquests.


Meanwhile, the towns and states of central Amazonia continued to be home to complex, hierarchical societies. Well-organized chiefdoms are also to be found on the fringes of the Amazon region, both to north and south.

The rest of South America

Elsewhere in South America, on the eve of European contact, people live in small farming villages or mobile hunter-gatherer groups, much as they have done for hundreds or thousands of years.

Next map, South America in 1648

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Pre-Columbian civilizations of America

The Inca empire



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