Europe 1837 CE

Europe continues to be transformed by intellectual change and industrial expansion.

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What is happening in Europe in 1837CE

This period of European history has been dominated by Revolution and War, and then by counter-revolution; and nowl European society is changed in the most radical way it has ever experienced.

Following the French Revolution (1789), Europe experienced the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1792-1815), more than twenty years of warfare. These saw Napoleon Bonaparte attempt to impose his will on Europe, until his defeat at the battle of Waterloo in 1815.

After the wars, the victorious powers cooperated in imposing order on Europe. Russia, Prussia and Austria divided central Europe between them; Prussia and Austria shared the leadership of Germany; and Austria dominated Italy. France, although vanquished in 1815, remained a major European nation.

Industrial Revolution

Great Britain is now the leading naval power in the world. Under her protection, European (especially British) commerce now dominates the oceans. The Industrial Revolution which has been transforming Britain’s economy since the late 18th century, is now spreading to the rest of Europe. The first railways are being built, first in Britain and now in other European countries such as Belgium and France. This will help spread industrialisation far and wide across the continent.

Next map, Europe 1871

Dig Deeper (free articles):

Modern Europe

The Russian Empire

The Ottoman Empire

European Colonization and Empire

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