Africa 200 CE

All of North Africa is now part of the Roman empire, while to the south the Bantu migration continues.

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What is happening in Africa in 200CE

North Africa

All of North Africa is now firmly under Roman rule. This territory includes some of the most flourishing and Romanized provinces within the Roman empire. In fact, the emperor at this time is Septimius Severus, whose family originated in North Africa. Egypt, meanwhile, has become the breadbasket on which the capital city of Rome depends for its grain.

Sub-Saharan Africa

A major new state has recently appeared in Ethiopia. This is the kingdom of Axum. The rulers of this kingdom trace their origins back to migrants from southern Arabia, and links between Axum and Arabia remain strong. The Ethiopian script is derived from an Arabian one.

Berber tribes are pioneering long-distance trade routes across the Sahara, aided by the use of camels, introduced into this region around this time. The traders are in search of salt, ivory, gold, exotic animals for the Roman circus, and slaves.

In the southern regions of sub-Saharan Africa, the Bantu iron age migration continues, confining the San hunter-gatherer peoples ever further south.

Next map, Africa 500 CE

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