Iran 2005 CE

Iran has become an Islamic Republic.

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What is happening in Iran in 2005CE

The Shah’s government carried through an ambitious programme of economic and social reform in the late 1950’s and the 1960’s, including land redistribution and the establishment of literacy and health corps. Per capita income rose dramatically in this period as industry expanded.

These policies aroused the hostility of influential elements within Iranian society, including the Shi’ite clergy.

With the massive increases in oil prices after 1974, Iran’s economy boomed. However, people became increasingly restive under the police state. In 1978 there was an outpouring of anger against the Shah. Events moved quickly to the Islamic Revolution (1979), which saw the removal of the Shah and, under Ayatollah Khomeini, the installation of the Shi’ite clergy as the ultimate controllers of the country.

A long-standing border dispute with Iraq led to the long and bloody Iran-Iraq war (1980-88), which ended in victory for neither side. Under the revolutionary leadership, repression was soon as brutal as under Shah, though more or less free elections were allowed. These revolved around a tussle between conservative and reformist politicians. In 2005, the conservative Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was elected president.

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