Cradle of Civilization: the Middle East 3500 BCE
The earliest urban civilization in world history is taking shape in Mesopotamia.
A new civilization has now emerged in the Middle East, that of Ancient Egypt.
Already by this date some of the most iconic structures in world history, the Pyramids of Giza, have been built.
The first great empire of world history has now appeared in the Middle East.
The Akkadian empire has vanished, and the Sumerian city of Ur now controls a large territory.
The Amorites, a pastoral people, are invading the Sumerian culture area.
Hammurabi, king of Babylon, now rules Mesopotamia.
The kingdom of Egypt has again broken up into different states, in the "Second Intermediate Period".
Strong and warlike pharaohs have founded the “New Kingdom” of ancient Egypt.
The Hittites and Mitanni are growing powers in the Middle East.
This is the high point of Bronze Age civilization in the Middle East.