Iran 1453 CE

Iran has become a brilliant centre of Islamic civilization.

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What is happening in Iran in 1453CE

The empire of the Kwarezm-Shah fell to the Mongols under Genghis Khan in the 1220’s and 30’s. During the Mongol conquests, Bukhara, Samarkand and other once-thriving cities of the Transoxus region were razed to the ground and their populations massacred. They were soon rebuilt and gradually regained their former size and prosperity, thanks largely to the peace which Mongol rule brought to inner Asia, with the resulting expansion in trade.

Iran was treated as a conquered province by the Mongols, and placed under very heavy taxation. The situation deteriorated further after 1335, when regional rivalries and civil war disrupted the land. Then in the last decades of the fourteenth century another invader from central Asia, Timur, conquered Iran and beyond.

Timur’s huge empire quickly disintegrated after his death, but his descendants have held on to eastern Iran. The long reign of Timur’s son, Shah Rokh (1405-47), has seen Herat, his beautiful capital, become a brilliant centre of Persian Islamic civilization.

 

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