North America 1789 CE

The USA is now an independent nation.

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What is happening in North America in 1789CE

Eastern North America

The past century and a half has seen prosperous societies of European culture take firm root in eastern North America.

Most of the British colonies on the eastern seaboard have rebelled to form a new nation, the United States of America. The small British colonies in present-day Canada, together with the old French colony (which had previously fallen to the British), remain under British rule. Much of the rest of the continent is under Spanish rule, which, in North America, is centered on Mexico.

Native Americans

Several Native American groups near the eastern seaboard have been drawn into European conflicts as allies of one side or another, French, British or American. On the Great Plains, meanwhile, the spread of escaped Spanish horses has transformed many societies. Tribes who previously lived as sedentary farmers now form highly mobile groups, hunting the vast herds of bison from horseback. Such is the bonanza that many Native American groups have pushed into the plains from surrounding areas and adopted this lifestyle.

As yet, European penetration of the central regions of North America is limited to isolated forts, trading posts and mission stations.

The Caribbean

Most of the Caribbean islands have been turned over to the production of sugar and other tropical crops. This is carried out on plantations, owned by wealthy European families and worked by enslaved Africans. Sugar is now in great demand in Europe, and these islands are the wealthiest territories within the European countries’ overseas empires (above all those of Britain and France). The constant need to re-stock the plantations with new slaves, to replace those who have died through disease, overwork or other forms of mistreatment, fuels the growth of the Atlantic Slave Trade.

Next map, North America in 1837

Dig Deeper

Native Americans of North America

The Colonization of North America and the Caribbean

Colonial North America


The United States from its founding to the 19th Century

The Atlantic Slave Trade

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