Oceania 1837 CE

European missionaries and traders are active throughout the Pacific.

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What is happening in Oceania in 1837CE

Effects of European visits

In recent decades, Christian missionaries, both Protestant and Roman Catholic, have been active on all the islands of the Pacific. European traders and whaling ships also visit the islands regularly, and some establish small settlements, for example on the coasts of New Zealand. The calamitous effects of European diseases and firearms continue to destabilize many island societies. On some places, civil wars end in the establishment of monarchies which rule the whole island, as on Samoa, Tonga and Tahiti; in all these cases, the kings have converted to the Protestant form of Christianity, leading to the wholesale adoption of the new religion (plus large elements of European culture) by their peoples.


The British have now established a number of colonies in Australia, and the Dutch have started the first tentative colonization of New Guinea. American settlers – missionaries, traders and plantation owners – have established a major presence on Hawaii.

Next map, Oceania in 1871

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European World Empires

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