Mexico and Central America 30 BCE

The Mayan civilization is now emerging.

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What is happening in Mexico and Central America in 30BCE

Strong population growth continues to affect the region, and cities continue to grow, in number and in size. The early Mayan city-states have begun to emerge, and urban society is developing on the western coast, amongst the Zapotec people.

It is in the plateau of central Mexico, however, that the most dramatic development is taking place. Over recent centuries, a large farming population has become established here, taking advantage of the fertile volcanic soil and the system of lakes and streams with their plentiful supply of aquatic food.  On this base, several large states emerged, their capitals dominated by pyramid mounds. From c. 300 BC, however, a major city suddenly appeared to the north, Teotihuacan. This now probably houses as many as 60,000 people and dwarfs any other urban settlements in area (and indeed, in the entire New World). This indicates that its ruler has eliminated the other states; the new city has certainly drawn in the populations of the older capitals, and it will continue to grow in the future.

Next map, Mexico and Central America in 200 CE

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