Russia 1960 CE

Russia is now under the control of the communist party.

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What is happening in Russia in 1960CE

Russia entered World War 1 on the side of Britain and France; however, the Russian Revolution of 1917 led the new Bolshevik (Communist) government to sign the Treaty of Brest-Ltovsk with Germany, taking Russia out of the war and giving away huge tracts of land to the enemy.

The Russian Revolution was followed by several years of civil war, which the Bolsheviks (now renamed the Communists) eventually won. Russia was now the first communist state in the world, a massive experiment in how communism might transform society.

Lenin died in 1924 and power passed to Joseph Stalin. Stalin’s drive to apply communism by industrializing and collectivizing the economy of the Soviet Union (as this communist manifestation of the Russian Empire was called) caused millions of deaths amongst the peasantry. His bid for complete control over the party, government and army led to wave after wave of purges of senior and middle-ranking officials and officers.

The Soviet Union suffered enormously during World War 2, with perhaps 20 million lives lost. But it survived as one of the two post-war superpowers.

Stalin died in 1953 and was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev. Under Khrushchev, things improved for the Russian people, but Soviet armies now occupy most of Eastern Europe, and it has imposed tight control over its satellite nations there. In 1955, it established the Warsaw Pact, to counter NATO.

Next map, Russia in 2005

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