Venezuela, Colombia and the Guianas 2005 CE
Colombia has been troubled by drugs wars.
What is happening in Venezuela, Colombia and the Guianas in 2005CE
From the late 1960’s Colombia was plagued by guerilla warfare and then a brutal civil war between the government and drug cartels. While this war continues, Colombia’s deep-seated economic and social problems remain unsolved.
A succession of democratically elected governments have aimed to spread Venezuela’s oil wealth throughout society. The huge national debts this incurred caused an economic crisis in the 1980’s, and drugs-related criminal charges against senior politicians led to the rise to power of the populist Hugo Chavez (1998). Chavez has pursued a socialist agenda at home and an anti-US agenda abroad.
British Guiana achieved independence, as Guyana, in 1966, and Dutch Guiana became independent in 1975, being renamed Suriname. After initial problems, both countries have been governed along democratic lines. French Guiana has been boosted by the establishment of the European Space Agency launch site there in 1975.