Canada 1871 CE

Canada now has complete self-rule under a federal system of government.

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What is happening in Canada in 1871CE

A British politician, Lord Durham, was sent to Canada to investigate tensions within the country and, as a result, Upper and Lower Canada were united in 1841, and a single parliament elected. In the tussle of party politics, the principle of the subordination of the governor-general to parliament has been established. In 1867 the two provinces (now renamed Quebec and Ontario) have united with Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to form the Dominion of Canada. A federal system of government has been established, giving each province a great deal of autonomy.

In the meantime, the territories to the Pacific have been opened up. Vancouver was founded as the western base of the Hudson’s Bay Company (1849), and the 1858 Gold Rush in British Columbia stimulated western colonization. The Canadian government has taken over the lands of the Hudson’s Bay Company (1870), and Manitoba and British Columbia have become provinces in the Dominion (1870 and 1871 respectively). The North West Territory has also been formed by this date.

Next map, Canada in 1914

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