Italy 200 BCE

The cities and tribes of central and southern Italy have come under the firm leadership of Rome.

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What is happening in Italy in 200BCE

The centuries between 500 and 200 BCE have seen huge changes to the political map of Italy. The Etruscans, having reached a peak of power in around 500 BCE, were pushed out of the Po valley, in northern Italy, by Celtic tribes coming in from Gaul. There they settled, and their raiding parties penetrated deep into the peninsula, sacking Rome in around 390 BCE.

The Romans recovered from this disaster, and by the end of the fourth century were expanding their power across central and southern Italy. Long, fierce wars ended in Sabine, Samnite and Umbrian hill tribes, and Etruscan and Greek city-states, all falling under Roman domination. Pursuing a far-sighted policy, Rome did not treat defeated opponents as conquered peoples, but formed them into a confederation of allies under her leadership. A network of roads and colonies underpinned Roman control of the peninsula.

Rome’s Italian allies provided troops for the great wars Rome fought with Carthage in the third century (264-241 BCE and 218-202 BCE), and mostly held firm in their loyalty to the Romans in the face of Hannibal’s devastating invasion of Italy.

Next map, Italy 30 BCE

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