Italy 1960 CE

After the defeat of Mussolini in World War 2, Italy has become a leading member of the European Community.

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What is happening in Italy in 1960CE

Italy entered World War 1 on the Allies’ side in 1915. As a result, her territory was extended with the acquisition of the Trentino area in the north and Istria at the head of the Adriatic. The end of the war was followed by economic contraction, industrial unrest and political turmoil. In these conditions, Benito Mussolini organized the Fascist movement into a disciplined, quazi-military force and, threatening to march on Rome, was asked by the king to form a government (1922). He soon consolidated his power so that, although the king still reigned as a figurehead, Il Duce (as Mussolini had himself called) eliminated all opposition and gained complete control of the state.

Under Mussolini, Italy built up a large army and navy, conquered Ethiopia (1935-6) and Albania (April 1939), and entered into a formal partnership with Nazi Germany. However, World War 2 brought defeat, humiliation, destruction and foreign occupation by both Allies and Germans. Mussolini was killed by partisans. In 1946, King Victor Emmanuel III abdicated and Italy became a Republic.

Post-war Italy has witnessed a series of weak, short-lived governments, and Italian public life has been characterized by repeated corruption scandals. However, this has not prevented the Italian economy from expanding rapidly, especially in the industrial north. Moreover, Italy plays a full part on the international stage as a member of NATO and the European Common Market.

Next map, Italy 2005

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