France 200 BCE

The area of modern France is now dominated by the Celtic La Tene culture.

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What is happening in France in 200BCE

From around 450 BCE, Celts of the late Iron Age La Tene culture expanded outwards from their homeland in Switzerland and Austria; into France – where they became known to history as the Gauls – and on into Britain, Spain and northern Italy. A group of them raided as far as Rome in 390 BCE, sacking the city.

The La Tene Celts benefit from a wide network of trade, and their material culture has come under heavy influence from the Mediterranean civilizations, mainly Etruscan and Greek. Celtic craftsmen make elaborate jewellery, notably neck bracelets, called torcs. This period sees the growth of large settlements – called oppida (towns) by the Romans – built around stout forts.

Next map, France 30 BCE

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