Spain and Portugal 1960 CE

Spain and Portugal are ruled by dictatorships.

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What is happening in Spain and Portugal in 1960CE

Spain remained neutral during World War 1. In 1923, the General Primo de Rivera carried out a coup d’etat and became dictator. Rivera did much to promote Spain’s economy, but opposition to him grew, and he resigned in 1930. King Alfonso III had been discredited by his support for Rivera, and he abdicated in 1931.

Spain declared itself a republic, which was controlled by the left-wing Republicans. They aroused the bitter hostility of the powerful conservative forces in the country, and in 1936 a bitter civil war between left and right erupted. By March, 1939 General Francisco Franco, the leader of the right wing Fascists, had won, and has since been dictator of the country. He kept Spain neutral during World War 2, but after the war she joined NATO.

Portugal, meanwhile, had been an ally of Britain, France and Russia (and later the USA) during World War 1. In the years, after the war political and economic conditions deteriorated until Dr Salazar was appointed finance minister in 1926. He seized power as dictator in 1932, and has remained in power ever since. Portugal remained neutral in World War 2, but joined NATO after the war, in 1949. During the 1950’s, some progress was made in modernizing Portugal’s agriculture and industry.

Next map, Spain and Portugal in 2005

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