Scandinavia 1960 CE

Finland has had to fight hard against Russia for its independence.

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What is happening in Scandinavia in 1960CE

As a by-product of the Russian Revolution, Finland became an independent nation in 1917. She then became the scene of civil war between the pro-Russian Red Guards and the White Army, under General Mannerheim. The White Army won, and Finland adopted a democratic, Republican constitution under the Presidency of Mannerheim. The country suffered greatly during the World War 2, valiantly fighting off a massive Soviet invasion, but she lost much of her eastern territory.

In both Denmark and Sweden, the Great Depression brought social democratic parties to the fore, and in both countries a comprehensive welfare state began to be put in place.

Denmark and Norway were occupied by the Germans during World War 2, whilst Sweden remained neutral. The close relationship between Danes and Swedes allowed one of the most remarkable events of World War 2 to take place. On one night in October, 1943, in response to Adolf Hitler’s order to arrest and deport all Jews in Denmark, the Danes and Swedes jointly arranged for the Danish Jews to be evacuated across the straits to Sweden. In this way, 99% of Jews  living in Denmark were saved from the death camps.

During World War 2, Iceland, for centuries a dependency of, first Norway (1262-1380), then Denmark (from 1380) became a fully independent republic (1944).

Next map, Scandinavia in 2005

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