East Central Europe 1215 CE

Powerful nations are emerging in Central Europe.

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What is happening in East Central Europe in 1215CE

Poland expanded at the expense of Bohemia and the Slav tribes to its north, particularly under its king Boleslaw the Brave (992-1025). Under Boleslaw and his successors, Poland gained a strong enough national identity to break free from the empire and seize the imperial territories of Moravia, Lusatia and Bohemia. They soon lost most of these and, in the shifting pattern of frontiers in this region, Moravia became united with Bohemia (1029). Due to the Polish kings’ granting of territories to relatives and allies, Poland has by now fragmented into rival principalities.

The principality of Bohemia has meanwhile been raised to the status of a kingdom, within the Holy Roman Empire (1198).

Stephen I was crowned king of the Hungarians in 1000, marking the Christianization of the Magyars and the acceptance of Hungary into Christendom. The death of Stephen ushered in a period of political instability until Ladislas I (reigned 1077-95), who saw off a threat from the Cumans, another steppe people, and was one of Hungary’s greatest kings. He was followed by Coloman (1095-1116), another able ruler.

Hungary then lapsed into political instability again, until Bella III came to the throne (reigned 1173-96). Under Bella, the Hungarians conquered the Cuman lands to the east.

Next map, Central Europe in 1453

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