Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia 30 BCE
The Chavin civilization has given way to numerous local cultures.
What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 30BCE
Various localized cultures have now replaced the more unified culture of the Chavin period. The most notable of these are to be found along the coast. The people of the Nazca culture are particularly famous for creating the “Nazca Lines” – vast figures traced in the desert, depicting animals and geometric shapes, whose purpose is unknown. However, more prosaically, they continue the Chavin tradition of fine textiles and pottery, producing a lively style of their own; and whereas the bulk of the population live in small farming communities, their central ceremonial centre at Cahuachi is a complex of pyramids and plazas covering a large area.
Northwards along the coast a large town has developed at Gallinazo, the centre of an economic base consisting of the largest and most elaborate irrigation system yet seen in South America.