What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 200BCE
The past few centuries have seen major technological advances take place within the Chavin cultural area. Cloth production has been revolutionized with the development of tapestries, along with other innovations in weaving. Metalwork has seen the introduction of new techniques such as soldering, welding, and the alloying of gold and silver, allowing new styles of artwork to be created.
By this date, however, there are signs of stress within the Chavin cultural area, probably caused by prolonged drought. Major Chavin centres are being abandoned, and monumental building activity is generally on the decline. There are also tell-tale signs of a rise in inter-communal violence, especially the appearance of fortified villages.