Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia 2005 CE

Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador have all become democracies.

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What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 2005CE

In Peru, the military governments were unable to deal effectively with the grave social inequalities in the country, and this failure fuelled growing terrorist movements, notably the Shining Path. A return to democracy in 1980, and the vigorous presidency of Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000), brought, first, victory over the terrorists and, then, economic progress. Fujimori’s growing authoritarianism caused his fall from power, since when the government has returned to a more democratic stance.

Bolivia saw short-lived military governments, hyperinflation and a growing reliance upon cocaine exports to bolster the economy. Finally in 1985, an elected civilian government introduced stern economic retrenchment, which led to political stability, economic recovery and success against the drugs trade.

Ecuador’s economic downturn in the 1950’s and 1960’s led to the rise of terrorist movements until, in 1984, the country returned to democracy. Since then the country has been run along democratic lines.

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