Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia 1914 CE

Peru and Bolivia have been defeated in the War of the Pacific.

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What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1914CE

A nitrate mining boom exacerbated border disputes, leading to the War of the Pacific, between Chile on the one hand, and Peru and Bolivia on the other (1879-83).

Chile won the war and extended her territories, depriving Bolivia of any coastal territory, a devastating blow to the country, and also eating into Peru’s coastal area. Both countries were left almost bankrupt, and this, plus the national humiliation of defeat, undermined the credibility of their military governments. Eventually this led to democratic regimes coming to power in both countries; these have presided over periods of political stability, foreign (mainly US) investment and economic recovery.

In Ecuador, Moreno’s downfall (1875) saw Ecuadorian politics return to factional strife between the conservative landowners of the interior and the liberal capitalists of the coast. The latter have generally predominated, and under them, freedom of religion and the liberation of education from the Catholic Church’s control have been enacted. There has also been a major railroad and road building program.

Next map, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1960

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