Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia 1837 CE
Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia have fallen under the control of caudillos.
What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1837CE
Peru remained loyal to Spain throughout the wars of liberation, due to the conservative attitude of the Peruvian landowners as well as the presence there of the bulk of the Spanish South American army.
Upper Peru, on the other hand, was amongst the first regions to rebel against Spain, in 1809. Here, the war of liberation took the form of a prolonged guerilla movement. Whereas Peru’s “liberation” was achieved after two major defeats of the Spanish army in 1824, Upper Peru was only finally liberated in 1825. Almost immediately her leaders declared their independence from the liberation leadership in Buenos Aires, and named their new country Bolivia (in honour of the great liberator, Simon Bolivar).
Ecuador started the independence period as a part of the Republic of Grand Colombia Federation, but became a country in its own right when that federation broke up in 1830.
As with most of the rest of South America, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia fell under the control of military strongmen, known as “caudillos”.