Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia 1453 CE
The Chimor empire is at the height of its powers, but the Inca empire will soon challenge it.
What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1453CE
By this date, Chimor has conquered Lambayeque, probably in about 1370, and now dominates a large part of coastal Peru and Ecuador. The Chimor government operates a well-tested imperial policy by which new colonies are planted in conquered areas. From them, local populations are massed for road-building, irrigation and drainage schemes. The capital, Chan-Chan, has become one of the most sophisticated cultural centres in Pre-Columbian America.
The Inca kingdom in the High Andes is now expanding fast. It has only recently become a truly centralized state (c.1438), and has been occupied overcoming determined resistance from neighbouring Andean groups. Those peoples which do submit peacefully to the Incas are brought into close alliance with the ruling power by being granted the status of “honorary Incas”; those that resist are uprooted from their homelands and relocated elsewhere, the vacant territories receiving loyal colonists. By this date the Incas control the Lake Titicaca region, the “breadbasket” of the High Andes. This has given them the economic launch-pad for further expansion.
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