Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia 1453 CE

The Chimor empire is at the height of its powers, but the Inca empire will soon challenge it.

Read on

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

4300BCE 3900BCE 3500BCE 3100BCE 2700BCE 2300BCE 1900BCE 1500BCE 1100BCE 700BCE 300BCE 100CE 500CE 900CE 1300CE 1700CE 2021CE

What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1453CE

By this date, Chimor has conquered Lambayeque, probably in about 1370, and now dominates a large part of coastal Peru and Ecuador. The Chimor government operates a well-tested imperial policy by which new colonies are planted in conquered areas. From them, local populations are massed for road-building, irrigation and drainage schemes. The capital, Chan-Chan, has become one of the most sophisticated cultural centres in Pre-Columbian America.

The Inca kingdom in the High Andes is now expanding fast. It has only recently become a truly centralized state (c.1438), and has been occupied overcoming determined resistance from neighbouring Andean groups. Those peoples which do submit peacefully to the Incas are brought into close alliance with the ruling power by being granted the status of “honorary Incas”; those that resist are uprooted from their homelands and relocated elsewhere, the vacant territories receiving loyal colonists. By this date the Incas control the Lake Titicaca region, the “breadbasket” of the High Andes. This has given them the economic launch-pad for further expansion.

Next map, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1648

Check out our iPad app for how Europeans discovered South America in the age of European Exploration and Discovery

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads

Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads


Subscribe for more great content – and remove ads