Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia 1215 CE

The Wari and Tiwanaku empires have collapsed.

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What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1215CE

In the highlands of the Andes region, the Wari and Tiwanaku empires have now broken up into numerous small states. One of these is the Inca kingdom, who by this date control a few valleys around their capital, Cuzco.

On the coast, the Chimor empire now dominates a large territory, and is still expanding. Like the Wari and Tiwanaku before it, it is a strict hierarchically organized state.

Along the coast to the north, Lambayeque seems to have suffered a major climatic disaster – devastating rains followed by a severe famine – which may have been linked to the exceptionally severe El Nino of 1100. In the aftermath, the political capital was moved to Tucume Viejo, probably signifying a change of regime.

Next map, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1453

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