Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia 1000 BCE
On the Pacific coast maize has become the staple crop.
What is happening in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia in 1000BCE
On the Pacific coast, maize has become the staple crop, leading to increases in agricultural productivity and further expansions of populations. Numerous monuments have been constructed at ceremonial centres, and many of the elements of later Peruvian architecture are already prominent – flat topped pyramids, sunken courts and ceremonial complexes laid out in a U-shape.
In the Andes highlands, herding and agriculture are continuing to displace more ancient hunter-gatherer lifestyles, leading to continued population growth. The trade links between the highland and coast continue to expand, to the great mutual benefit of both groups. They bring more food up to the highland populations and useful leather goods and other products down to the coast. These links are seeing the evolution of a unified cultural area embracing the two radically different environmental zones.